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Egypt: New Directives from the Central Bank – Revolutions in the Financial Markets



Egypt’s financial landscape has recently been rocked by two key decisions made by the Central Bank. The first decision involved a significant increase in interest rates, with a 6% hike bringing them to a sharp 27.2%. This move was aimed at tightening monetary policy to combat inflation rates approaching 30%. The second decision announced was the decision to allow the market to determine the exchange rate of the Egyptian pound, relinquishing control previously held by the central bank. These decisions have had a profound impact on the country’s economic dynamics, particularly resulting in a drastic devaluation of over 26% for the Egyptian pound against the US dollar.

Despite the challenges posed by these decisions, the value of Egyptian bonds denominated in foreign currency has seen a notable increase, with longer-dated bonds experiencing the most significant gains. In addition, the Central Bank of Egypt has instructed banks to remove any restrictions on the use of foreign currency credit cards. These measures are part of a broader strategy by the Central Bank to secure a new loan from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to address the shortage of hard currency in the country.

The IMF has been pushing for Egypt to adopt a tighter monetary policy and implement a more flexible official exchange rate to combat inflation and boost economic stability. Furthermore, the UAE’s Sovereign Fund has pledged a substantial investment of $35 billion for various projects in Egypt, including the development of a new city on the northern coast. This influx of foreign investment has helped alleviate pressure on the Egyptian pound in the black market.

The Egyptian government has confirmed that a significant portion of the UAE’s investment has already been transferred to the country. Looking ahead, the IMF’s projections for 2024 suggest a GDP growth rate of 3.6%, signaling a slight slowdown compared to the 4.2% growth recorded in 2023. These developments underscore the complex economic challenges facing Egypt and the necessity of taking bold steps to stabilize the economy and attract foreign investment.

The proactive stance taken by the Egyptian Central Bank, in collaboration with international organizations like the IMF and foreign investors such as the UAE Sovereign Fund, reflects the country’s determination to overcome current financial difficulties and foster sustainable economic growth in the long run. By embracing reforms and seeking support from strategic partners, Egypt is positioning itself to navigate turbulent economic waters and emerge stronger on the other side.

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