In an era of economic uncertainty, the United States is grappling with a persistent wave of inflation. Despite indicators suggesting a slowdown in the inflationary phenomenon, American citizens continue to experience high prices for basic consumer goods, which remain well above pre-pandemic levels and even beyond the peak of inflation in the summer of 2022.
Mitch Roschelle, Managing Director at Madison Ventures Plus, observes how inflation tends to leave a lasting mark on the economy. Among the most glaring examples of this impact are the rising prices of homes and eggs compared to 2020. Specifically, the cost of a dozen eggs has risen from $1.45 to $2.06 between 2020 and 2023, as reported by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. Meanwhile, the average price of a single-family home has increased from $311,800 to $394,300, according to the National Association of Realtors.
Simultaneously, the real estate sector is grappling with a significant increase in mortgage rates. 30-year fixed mortgage rates, which averaged 2.84% in November 2020, soared to 7.5% last week, according to Freddie Mac. These rates, in response to Federal Reserve policies, could remain elevated or even increase further.
Jerome Powell, Chairman of the Federal Reserve, highlighted the central bank’s determination to intervene further in monetary policy if necessary, to bring inflation back to the 2% target, during a speech at the International Monetary Fund in Washington, D.C.
At the same time, retail giants such as Walmart and Target are poised to provide updates on consumer spending behavior in this environment of high prices. Target, in particular, has introduced low-cost options for Thanksgiving, with the intention of “helping customers manage their budgets” during the November 23rd celebrations. Walmart and German retailer Aldi have also launched similar initiatives.
In September, overall food prices recorded a 3.7% increase, with significant variations in different product categories. The Consumer Price Index for October is expected to show a 3.3% increase in inflation compared to September’s 3.7%. However, the core inflation rate, which excludes volatile food and energy prices, is forecasted to increase by 4.1% on an annual basis.